Common Types of Criminal Law

Nashville, Tennessee

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A criminal case occurs when a person performs an act or fails to perform an act that is in violation of public law. Unlike civil cases which revolve around legal disputes, a criminal case can be prosecuted by a local, state or federal government agency (also referred to as the “state”). While every alleged criminal is considered innocent until proven guilty without reasonable doubt, sifting through evidence and proving innocence takes the experience and legal knowledge of professionals. At James R. Omer & Associates, PLCC, our legal team of criminal attorneys has an outstanding record of proving “not guilty” verdicts in hundreds of cases.

Types of Criminal Law Crimes

Criminal crimes can be classified as:

  • Felonies: serous offenses, such as rape and murder, punishable by imprisonment for one year or more or in most severe cases, death.
  • Misdemeanors: minor offenses, such as petty theft or driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, punishable by imprisonment less than one year or an alternative punishment

Criminal lawyers have several categories for which crimes can fall:

  • Violent crimes: murder, manslaughter, kidnapping, child abuse, hate crimes, robbery, arson, carjacking, terrorist acts or threats, domestic violence, arson, assault
  • Sex crimes: rape, sexual assault, prostitution, child molestation, exploitation, child pornography, lewd conduct
  • Drug and alcohol crimes: driving under the influence, driving while intoxicated, growth/importation/distribution/possession/sale of drugs
  • White collar crimes: extortion, embezzlement, fraud, racketeering, price fixing, perjury, larceny, bribery, securities and commodities law violations
  • Miscellaneous: hit and run, stalking, obstruction of justice, arms trafficking, aiding or abetting in a crime

After an individual has been convicted of a crime, an experienced criminal law attorney can handle appeal cases to have the court review the case and possibly overturn it.

Punishment for Criminal Cases

Not all convicted criminals serve jail time. Depending on the severity of the crime, punishment can range from jail time to fines, house arrest or probation.

It is important to remember that the burden of proof, finding the accused guilty in a criminal case beyond a reasonable doubt, is placed on the prosecution. By enlisting the support of a highly trained and experienced criminal attorney, you can ensure that everything possible will be done to prove your innocence.

For additional information, see our Criminal Law FAQs page.

If you or someone you know has been involved in a criminal case and needs legal representation, please contact the experienced criminal attorneys at James R. Omer & Associates, PLCC in Nashville, Tennessee to protect your freedom.

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